Posted on 03 December 2013 by John Johnson
Posted on 04 November 2013 by John Johnson
Posted on 09 October 2013 by John Johnson
Posted on 09 September 2013 by John Johnson
During his June-July 2013 court martial, Private First Class Bradley Manning sat impassive. He had been in custody from May 2010, which included harsh treatment for almost a year at the military base in Quantico, Virginia. Manning had already pleaded guilty to 10 charges in February—these were the minor ones—and he held that the remainder (12 charges) should be thrown out by the military because he had released secret material to reveal “the true cost of war”, including war crimes. The military did not agree, orgasm enhancer online stores. It pursued the case, and the judge, Army Col. Denise Lind, found him guilty of 17 of the 22 charges, including the serious charges of espionage and theft, buy orgasm enhancer without prescription.
Judge Denise Lind dismissed the charge of “aiding and abetting” the enemy, which would have occasioned the death penalty. Discount orgasm enhancer without prescription, Because many of the charges overlap, the judge conceded that the maximum sentence would be about 90 years, a life spent in prison.
Manning is now 25. He was 23 when arrested on May 2010 after a hacker named Adrian Lamo turned him in to the authorities. Buy orgasm enhancer without prescription, In an Internet chat, Manning told Lamo that he had leaked classified material to WikiLeaks, the portal set up in 2006 to host disclosures from whistle-blowers. Lamo, who had been convicted in 2004 for hackingThe New York Times website, orgasm enhancer pharmacy, contacted the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), which in turn called the United States Armed Forces. Manning believed that what he had done was just because he had been privy to classified information that suggested war crimes. He did not go up the chain of command because at least the most spectacular incident of an alleged war crime had been denied by the U.S. armed forces publicly.
In one of his chats with Lamo, Manning linked to a Wikipedia story about an attack on Iraqi civilians from 2007, buy orgasm enhancer without prescription. Buy orgasm enhancer, “The one below that is mine too,” he wrote on May 21, 2010. This was not the only document released by Manning. He had already released hundreds of thousands of U.S. diplomatic cables, U.S, orgasm enhancer without rx. Buy orgasm enhancer without prescription, documents on the Afghanistan and Iraq wars (the Afghan and Iraq War Logs) and evidence of another war crime (the Granai air strike of May 4, 2009, which was lost during infighting at WikiLeaks). But this 2007 document was the most significant one. On February 28, Manning reflected on this video: “The most alarming aspect of the video to me was the seemingly delightful bloodlust [the U.S. helicopter pilots] appeared to have. They seemed not to value human life by referring to them as ‘dead bastards’ and congratulating each other on the ability to kill in large numbers…. For me, this seems similar to a child torturing ants with a magnifying glass.” Manning wanted to release the video thinking that “the public would be as alarmed as me”, buy orgasm enhancer without prescription. Buy cheap orgasm enhancer internet, What happened next was not what the young man anticipated.
On July 12, 2007, two Apache helicopters flew over the east el-Amin neighbourhood of New Baghdad. The pilots spotted some men walking down the road. Two of the men were employees of Reuters, Namir Noor-Eldeen, buy cheap orgasm enhancer online, a photographer, and Saeed Chmagh, a driver and fixer for the journalists. Buy orgasm enhancer without prescription, A pilot requested permission to shoot them because they thought Noor-Eldeen’s camera was an RPG launcher. This beggars belief because Noor-Eldeen was holding a 70-200 zoom lens that is at most 14 inches long; an RPG launcher is four feet long. By the tone of the voice of the pilots it was clear that they wanted to kill (“look at those dead bastards”). Buy discount orgasm enhancer online, After shooting the men, an injured Chmagh tries to crawl away and one pilot says, “Come on buddy, all you gotta do is pick up a weapon.” The pilots bristle with impatience as they await confirmation to fire from the base and then engage with ferocity despite the fact that not one bullet is fired from the ground.
A van that was passing by stopped to pick up the wounded. The pilots fired at the van, killing the driver, Saleh Mutashar, and grievously wounding his two children (aged six and nine), buy orgasm enhancer without prescription. The pilots cheered each other for the clean shot, “Right though the windshield!” A Bradley fighting vehicle arrived on the scene, tablet orgasm enhancer, finding the two injured children in the van and the carnage before them. U.S. Army Specialist Ethan McCord later said that there was a cavalier attitude towards the injured children, their father dead in the van. “The first thing I thought of was my children at home, Orgasm enhancer generic, ” McCord said, but his commander ordered him to leave them and first secure the scene. Buy orgasm enhancer without prescription, The U.S. military said that the deaths resulted from a firefight. Reuters’ editor-in-chief David Schlesinger said in July 2007, “Our preliminary investigation raises real questions about whether there was fighting at the time the two men were killed. For the sake of their memory and for the sake of all journalists in Iraq we need a thorough and objective investigation that will help us and the military learn lessons that will improve the safety of journalists in the future.” No such investigation took place. Reuters attempted to get information, orgasm enhancer no online prescription, including a video shot from the helicopters and voice communications, but the U.S. authorities refused to oblige, buy orgasm enhancer without prescription. Two years later, TheWashington Post’s reporter David Finkel wrote about the incident in his book HYPERLINK "http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0312430027/counterpunchmaga" The Good Soldiers, quoting from what appeared to be a transcript of the Apache communications with their base. Sale orgasm enhancer, Reuters had not been given access to the video or audio material, and the U.S. military continued to say that their internal investigation had proved that this was not a violation of the rules of engagement.
It was this video that Manning saw while he was posted at Forward Operating Base Hammer, near Baghdad, in late 2009. Buy orgasm enhancer without prescription, It was this video, along with the other material he found on the vast amount of classified information on the U.S. Army network, cheap orgasm enhancer, that he turned over to WikiLeaks. At a dramatic press conference in Washington, D.C., on April 5, 2010, Order orgasm enhancer no prescription, a month before Manning’s arrest, WikiLeaks chief Julian Assange released the video under the name “Collateral Murder”. It caused a sensation, but no arrests were made and no further investigation was pursued. Ethan McCord and some other troops did, however, speak out saying, order generic orgasm enhancer, “What happened then was not an isolated incident. Stuff like that happens on a daily basis in Iraq.”
A military report noted that in future journalists should wear vests that clearly identify them as the press, buy orgasm enhancer without prescription. Noor-Eldeen made his name as a photojournalist with a remarkable photograph during the most dangerous battles in Mosul, when he took a picture of a masked insurgent with an RPG launcher carrying a vest emblazoned with the word Police. Mistaken for carrying one of those RPG launchers and without his own vest, Noor-Eldeen was shot and then denied justice. Orgasm enhancer prices, It was towards this end that Manning leaked the video.
During the lead up to the Nuremberg trials after the Second World War, the Allies met in London to draft some protocols by which to judge the Nazi leadership. A crucial defence made by lower rank Nazis was BefehlistBefehl Buy orgasm enhancer without prescription, , or an order is an order. They claimed that they had not designed Nazi policy but had simply followed orders. The Nuremberg Charter, which was the basis by which the Allies charged the Nazis, invalidated this defence, find discount orgasm enhancer online. It argued that to follow an order that seems illegal and not challenge it at all is illegal in the eyes of international law (Principle IV of the Charter). If a functionary is given what appears to be an illegal order or is privy to evidence of illegality, it is a legal (not just a moral) imperative to refuse the order or at least lodge a protest against it. General Telford Taylor, Chief Counsel for the U.S, buy orgasm enhancer without prescription. at Nuremberg, coined the term “Nuremberg Defence”. Online orgasm enhancer, When Manning saw the videos of what appeared to be illegal acts, or war crimes, he was—by the protocol of the Nuremberg Defence—under an obligation to speak out. He observed a war crime being covered up, saw evidence of it, and so released it to the general public through WikiLeaks. Unfortunately for Manning, find orgasm enhancer on internet, such a defence was not available to him largely because the U.S. Buy orgasm enhancer without prescription, military and its political leadership have refused to acknowledge that either New Baghdad (2007) or Granai (2009) are war crimes.
The military was not a kind place to Manning. An openly gay man who is just over five feet, Manning was harassed from the day he joined up in 2007. The “Don’t Ask, Orgasm enhancer tablet, Don’t Tell” policy of the U.S. military vis-a-vis gay members of the armed forces constrained him. This is, of course, part of the context of Manning’s disillusionment with the military, buy orgasm enhancer without prescription. Manning served in Iraq, fighting a war that was itself a “war against peace” in the Nuremberg sense and so an illegal war (as U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan said in 2004). He was aware of the “crimes against humanity” perpetuated in the U.S.-run prisons and he was aware of the American Archipelago that runs from the “black sites” to the Guantanamo Bay prison. What came before his computer screen was vivid evidence of one war crime that was not going to be prosecuted, and then of another (from Afghanistan in May 2009 that killed up to 145 civilians) that was not going to see the light of day. Buy orgasm enhancer without prescription, It was a simple choice for a young man—to remain silent and so violate the Nuremberg Charter or to speak out and bring the full weight of the U.S. system on his shoulders. Manning chose the latter. The consequences are dire. Much of his life will now be spent in prison. He is guilty in the eyes of the U.S. military court. It is to be seen how history will judge him, but it is clear that he lived up to the values of international law.
Vijay Prashad’s most recent book is http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/1844679527/counterpunchmaga
The Poorer Nations: A Possible History of the Global South (Verso, 2013).
A version of this article originally ran in http://www.frontline.in/ Frontline.
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Posted on 31 July 2013 by John Johnson
The American surveillance state is now an omnipresent reality, but its deep history is little known and its future little grasped. Edward Snowden’s http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/the-nsa-files leaked documents reveal that, in a post-9/11 state of war, the National Security Agency (NSA) was able to create a surveillance system that could secretly monitor the private communications of almost every American in the name of fighting foreign terrorists. The technology used is state of the art; the impulse, it turns out, is nothing new. For well over a century, what might be called “surveillance blowback” from America’s wars has ensured the creation of an ever more massive and omnipresent internal security and surveillance apparatus. Its future (though not ours) looks bright indeed.
In 1898, Washington occupied the Philippines and in the years that followed pacified its rebellious people, in part by fashioning the world’s first full-scale “surveillance state” in a colonial land. The illiberal lessons learned there then migrated homeward, providing the basis for constructing America’s earliest internal security and surveillance apparatus during World War I. A half-century later, as protests mounted during the Vietnam War, the FBI, building on the foundations of that old security structure, launched large-scale illegal counterintelligence operations to harass antiwar activists, while President Richard Nixon’s White House created its own surveillance apparatus to target its domestic enemies, buy diamox without prescription.
In the aftermath of those wars, however, reformers pushed back against secret surveillance. Republican privacy advocates abolished much of President Woodrow Wilson’s security apparatus during the 1920s, and Democratic liberals in Congress created the FISA courts in the 1970s in an attempt to prevent any recurrence of President Nixon’s illegal domestic wiretapping. Diamox pills, Today, as Washington withdraws troops from the Greater Middle East, a sophisticated intelligence apparatus built for the pacification of Afghanistan and Iraq has come home to help create a twenty-first century surveillance state of unprecedented scope. But the past pattern that once checked the rise of a U.S. surveillance state seems to be breaking down. Despite talk about ending the war on terror one day, President Obama has left the historic pattern of partisan reforms far behind. Buy diamox without prescription, In what has become a permanent state of “wartime” at home, the Obama administration is building upon the surveillance systems created in the Bush years to maintain U.S. global dominion in peace or war through a strategic, ever-widening edge in information control. The White House shows no sign -- nor does Congress -- of cutting back on construction of a powerful, global Panopticon that can surveil domestic dissidents, track terrorists, manipulate allied nations, monitor rival powers, counter hostile cyber strikes, launch preemptive cyberattacks, and protect domestic communications.
Writing for TomDispatch four years ago during Obama’s first months in office, I http://www.tomdispatch.com/blog/175154/tomgram%3A_alfred_mccoy%2C_surveillance_state%2C_u.s.a suggested that the War on Terror has “proven remarkably effective in building a technological template that could be just a few tweaks away from creating a domestic surveillance state -- with omnipresent cameras, diamox sale, deep data-mining, nano-second biometric identification, and drone aircraft patrolling ‘the homeland.’"
That prediction has become our present reality -- and with stunning speed. Americans now live under the Argus-eyed gaze of a digital surveillance state, while increasing numbers of surveillance drones fill American skies. In addition, the NSA’s net now reaches far beyond our borders, sweeping up the personal messages of many millions of people worldwide and penetrating the confidential official communications of at least 30 allied nations. The past has indeed proven prologue. The future is now, buy diamox without prescription.
The Coming of the Information Revolution
The origins of this emerging global surveillance state date back over a century to “America’s first information revolution” for the management of textual, statistical, and analytical data -- a set of innovations whose synergy created the technological capacity for mass surveillance.
Here’s a little litany of “progress” to ponder while on the road to today’s every-email-all-the-time version of surveillance.
Within just a few years, the union of Thomas A. Edison’s quadruplex telegraph with Philo Remington’s commercial typewriter, Diamox cheapest price, both inventions of 1874, allowed for the accurate transmission of textual data at the unequalled speed of 40 words per minute across America and around the world. Buy diamox without prescription, In the mid-1870s as well, librarian Melvil Dewey developed the “Dewey decimal system” to catalog the Amherst College Library, thereby inventing the “smart number” for the reliable encoding and rapid retrieval of limitless information.
The year after engineer Herman Hollerith patented the punch card (1889), the U.S. Census Bureau adopted his Electrical Tabulating machine to count 62,622,250 Americans within weeks -- a triumph that later led to the founding of International Business Machines, better known by its acronym IBM.
By 1900, all American cities were wired via the Gamewell Corporation’s innovative telegraphic communications, with over 900 municipal police and fire systems sending 41 million messages in a single year.
A Colonial Laboratory for the Surveillance State
On the eve of empire in 1898, however, the U.S. government was still what scholar Stephen Skowronek has termed a “patchwork” state with a near-zero capacity for domestic security. That, of course, left ample room for the surveillance version of modernization, and it came with surprising speed after Washington conquered and colonized the Philippines, buy diamox without prescription.
Facing a decade of determined Filipino resistance, the U.S. Army applied all those American information innovations -- rapid telegraphy, diamox us, photographic files, alpha-numeric coding, and Gamewell police communications -- to the creation of a formidable, three-tier colonial security apparatus including the Manila Police, the Philippines Constabulary, and above all the Army’s Division of Military Information.
In early 1901, Captain Ralph Van Deman, later dubbed “the father of U.S. Military Intelligence,” assumed command of this still embryonic division, the Army’s first field intelligence unit in its 100-year history. Buy diamox without prescription, With a voracious appetite for raw data, Van Deman’s division compiled phenomenally detailed information on thousands of Filipino leaders, including their physical appearance, personal finances, landed property, political loyalties, and kinship networks.
Starting in 1901, the first U.S. governor-general (and future president) William Howard Taft drafted draconian sedition legislation for the islands and established a 5, Find diamox online, 000-man strong Philippines Constabulary. In the process, he created a colonial surveillance state that ruled, in part, thanks to the agile control of information, releasing damning data about enemies while suppressing scandals about allies.
When the Associated Press’s Manila bureau chief reported critically on these policies, Taft’s allies dug up dirt on this would-be critic and dished it out to the New York press. On the other hand, the Division of Military Information compiled a scandalous report about the rising Filipino politician Manuel Quezon, alleging a premarital abortion by his future first lady. Quezon, however, served the Constabulary as a spy, so this document remained buried in U.S. files, assuring his unchecked ascent to become the first president of the Philippines in 1935, buy diamox without prescription.
During the U.S. conquest of the Philippines, Mark Twain wrote an imagined history of twentieth-century America. In it, he predicted that a “lust for conquest” had already destroyed “the Great [American] Republic, diamox prices,” because “trampling upon the helpless abroad had taught her, by a natural process, to endure with apathy the like at home.” Indeed, just a decade after Twain wrote those prophetic words, colonial police methods came home to serve as a template for the creation of an American internal security apparatus in wartime.
After the U.S. entered World War I in 1917 without an intelligence service of any sort, Colonel Van Deman brought his Philippine experience to bear, creating the U.S. Buy diamox without prescription, Army’s Military Intelligence Division (MID) and so laying the institutional foundations for a future internal security state.
In collaboration with the FBI, he also expanded the MID’s reach through a civilian auxiliary organization, the American Protective League, whose 350,000 citizen-operatives amassed more than a million pages of surveillance reports on German-Americans in just 14 months, arguably the world’s most intensive feat of domestic surveillance ever. Buy discount diamox online, After the Armistice in 1918, Military Intelligence joined the FBI in two years of violent repression of the American left marked by the notorious Luster raids in New York City, J. Edgar Hoover’s “Palmer Raids” in cities across the northeast and the suppression of union strikes from New York City to Seattle.
When President Wilson left office in 1921, incoming Republican privacy advocates condemned his internal security regime as intrusive and abusive, forcing the Army and the FBI to cut their ties to patriotic vigilantes. In 1924, Attorney General Harlan Fiske Stone, worrying that “a secret police may become a menace to free government,” announced “the Bureau of Investigation is not concerned with political or other opinions of individuals.” Epitomizing the nation’s retreat from surveillance, Secretary of War Henry Stimson closed the Military Intelligence cipher section in 1929, saying famously, "Gentlemen do not read each other's mail."
After retiring at the rank of major general that same year, Van Deman and his wife continued from their home in San Diego to coordinate an informal intelligence exchange system, compiling files on 250,000 suspected “subversives.” They also took reports from classified government files and slipped them to citizen anti-communist groups for blacklisting, buy diamox without prescription. In the 1950 elections, for instance, Representative Richard Nixon reportedly used Van Deman’s files to circulate “pink sheets” at rallies denouncing California Congresswoman Helen Gahagan Douglas, his opponent in a campaign for a Senate seat, launching a victorious Nixon on the path to the presidency.
From retirement, Van Deman, in league with FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, also proved crucial at a 1940 closed-door conference that awarded the FBI control over domestic counterintelligence. The Army’s Military Intelligence, diamox alternative, and its successors, the CIA and NSA, were restricted to foreign espionage, a division of tasks that would hold, at least http://www.tomdispatch.com/blog/175718/todd_gitlin_the_wonderful_american_world_of_informers in principle, until the post-9/11 years. So armed, during World War II the FBI used warrantless wiretaps, “black bag” break-ins, and surreptitious mail opening to track suspects, while mobilizing more than 300,000 informers to secure defense plants against wartime threats that ultimately proved “negligible.”
The Vietnam Years
In response to the civil rights and anti-Vietnam protests of the 1960s, the FBI deployed its COINTELPRO operation, using what Senator Frank Church’s famous investigative committee later called "unsavory and vicious tactics... Buy diamox without prescription, including anonymous attempts to break up marriages, disrupt meetings, ostracize persons from their professions, and provoke target groups into rivalries that might result in deaths."
In assessing COINTELPRO’s 2,370 actions from 1960 to 1974, the Church Committee branded them a "sophisticated vigilante operation" that "would be intolerable in a democratic society even if all of the targets had been involved in violent activity." Significantly, even this aggressive Senate investigation did not probe Director Hoover’s notorious “private files” on the peccadilloes of leading politicians that had insulated his Bureau from any oversight for more than 30 years.
http://www.amazon.com/dp/0299234142/ref=nosim/?tag=tomdispatch-20 After New York Times reporter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seymour_Hersh Seymour Hersh exposed illegal CIA surveillance of American antiwar activists in 1974, Buying diamox, Senator Church’s committee and a presidential commission under Nelson Rockefeller investigated the Agency’s “Operation Chaos,” a program to conduct massive illegal surveillance of the antiwar protest movement, discovering a database with 300,000 names. These investigations also exposed the excesses of the FBI’s COINTELPRO, forcing the Bureau to reform.
To prevent future abuses, President Jimmy Carter signed the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) in 1978, creating a special court to approve all national security wiretaps. In a bitter irony, Carter’s supposed reform ended up plunging the judiciary into the secret world of the surveillance managers where, after 9/11, it http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/07/us/in-secret-court-vastly-broadens-powers-of-nsa.html became a rubberstamp institution for every kind of state intrusion on domestic privacy.
How the Global War on Terror Came Home
As its pacification wars in Afghanistan and Iraq sank into bloody quagmires, Washington brought electronic surveillance, biometric identification, and unmanned aerial vehicles to the battlefields. This trio, which failed to decisively turn the tide in those lands, nonetheless now undergirds a global U.S, diamox approved. surveillance apparatus of unequalled scope and unprecedented power.
After confining the populations of Baghdad and the rebellious Sunni city of Falluja behind blast-wall cordons, the U.S, buy diamox without prescription. Army attempted to bring the Iraqi resistance under control in part by http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2011/12/iraq-biometrics-database/ collecting, as of 2011, three million Iraqi fingerprints,iris, and retinal scans. These were http://www.consortiumnews.com/Print/2007/121307.html deposited in a biometric database in West Virginia that American soldiers at checkpoints and elsewhere on distant battlefields could at any moment access by satellite link. Simultaneously, the Joint Special Operations Command under General Stanley McChrystal http://www.brookings.edu/%7E/media/events/2013/1/28%20mcchrystal%20zarqawi/mcchrystal%20transcript.pdf centralized all electronic and satellite surveillance in the Greater Middle East to identify possible al-Qaeda operatives for http://us.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/meast/09/09/iraq.secret/index.html assassination by Predator drones or hunter-killer raids by Special Operations commandos from Somalia to Pakistan.
Domestically, post-9/11, the White House tried to create a modern version of the old state-citizen alliance for domestic surveillance. In May 2002, President Bush’s Justice Department http://www.villagevoice.com/2002-12-17/news/the-death-of-operation-tips/ launched Operation TIPS with "millions of American truckers, letter carriers, train conductors, Diamox vendors, ship captains, utility employees, and others" spying on fellow citizens. Buy diamox without prescription, But there was vocal opposition from members of Congress, civil libertarians, and the media, which soon forced Justice to quietly kill the program.
In a digital iteration of the same effort, retired admiral John Poindexter began to http://www.nytimes.com/2003/07/30/opinion/poindexter-s-follies.html set up an ominously titled Pentagon program called Total Information Awareness to amass a "detailed electronic dossier on millions of Americans." Again the nation recoiled, Congress banned the program, and the admiral was forced to resign.
Defeated in the public arena, the Bush administration retreated into the shadows, where it launched secret FBI and NSA domestic surveillance programs. Here, Congress proved far more amenable and pliable. In 2002, Congress http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/30/us/threats-responses-law-administration-begins-rewrite-decades-old-spying.html erased the bright line that had long barred the CIA from domestic spying, granting the agency the power to access U.S. financial records and audit electronic communications routed through the country.
Defying the FISA law, in October 2001 President Bush http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/09/us/revelations-give-look-at-spy-agencys-wider-reach.html ordered the NSA to commence covert monitoring of private communications through the nation's telephone companies without the requisite warrants, buy diamox without prescription. http://bigstory.ap.org/article/secret-prism-success-even-bigger-data-seizure According to the Associated Press, he also “secretly authorized the NSA to plug into the fiber optic cables that enter and leave the United States” carrying the world’s “emails, where to buy diamox, telephone calls, video chats, websites, bank transactions, and more.” Since his administration had already http://apps.washingtonpost.com/g/page/world/national-security-agency-inspector-general-draft-report/277/ conveniently decided that “metadata was not constitutionally protected,” the NSA began an open-ended program, Operation Stellar Wind, “to collect bulk telephony and Internet metadata.”
By 2004, the Bush White House was so wedded to Internet metadata collection that top aides barged into Attorney General John Ashcroft’s hospital room to extract a reauthorization signature for the program. They were http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/27/nsa-data-mining-authorised-obama blocked by Justice Department officials led by Deputy Attorney General James Comey, forcing a two-month suspension until that FISA court, brought into existence in the Carter years, put its first rubber-stamp on this mass surveillance regime.
Armed with expansive FISA court orders allowing the collection of data sets rather than information from specific targets, the FBI’s “ http://www.fas.org/irp/congress/2006_hr/050206mueller.html Investigative Data Warehouse” acquired https://www.eff.org/issues/foia/investigative-data-warehouse-report more than a billion documents within five years, including intelligence reports, Generic diamox online, social security files, drivers’ licenses, and private financial information. All of this was accessible to 13,000 analysts making a million queries monthly. In 2006, as the flood of data surging through fiber optic cables strained NSA computers, the Bush administration http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/09/us/revelations-give-look-at-spy-agencys-wider-reach.html launched the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity to develop supercomputing searches powerful enough to process this torrent of Internet information.
In 2005, a New York Times investigative report http://www.nytimes.com/2005/12/16/politics/16program.html
exposed the administration’s illegal surveillance for the first time. Buy diamox without prescription, A year later, USA Today http://yahoo.usatoday.com/news/washington/2006-05-10-nsa_x.htm reported that the NSA was “secretly collecting the phone call records of tens of millions of Americans, using data provided by AT&T, Verizon, and Bell South.” One expert called it "the largest database ever assembled in the world," adding presciently that the Agency's goal was "to create a database of every call ever made."
In August 2007, in response to these revelations, Congress capitulated. It passed a new law, the Protect America Act, which retrospectively legalized this illegal White House-inspired set of programs by requiring greater oversight by the FISA court. This secret tribunal -- acting almost as a “ HYPERLINK "http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/07/us/in-secret-court-vastly-broadens-powers-of-nsa.html" \t "_blank" parallel Supreme Court” that rules on fundamental constitutional rights without adversarial proceedings or higher review -- has removed any real restraint on the National Security Agency’s bulk collection of Internet metadata and HYPERLINK "http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/the-foreign-intelligence-surveillance-court/2013/06/07/4700b382-cfec-11e2-8845-d970ccb04497_graphic.html?Post+generic=%3Ftid%3Dsm_twitter_washingtonpost" \t "_blank" regularly rubberstamps almost 100% of the government’s thousands of surveillance requests. Armed with expanded powers, the National Security Agency promptly HYPERLINK "http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2013-06-06/news/39784046_1_prism-nsa-u-s-servers" \t "_blank" launched its PRISM program (recently revealed by Edward Snowden). To feed its hungry search engines, the NSA has compelled nine Internet giants, including Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, AOL, diamox price, and Skype, to transfer what became billions of emails to its massive data farms.
Obama’s Expanding Surveillance Universe
Instead of curtailing his predecessor’s wartime surveillance, as Republicans did in the 1920s and Democrats in the 1970s, President Obama has overseen the expansion of the NSA’s wartime digital operations into a permanent weapon for the exercise of U.S. global power.
The Obama administration continued a Bush-era NSA program of “bulk email records collection” until 2011 when two senators HYPERLINK "http://www.wyden.senate.gov/news/press-releases/wyden-udall-statement-on-the-disclosure-of-bulk-email-records-collection-program" \t "_blank" protested that the agency’s “statements to both Congress and the Court... significantly exaggerated this program’s effectiveness.” Eventually, the administration was forced to curtail this particular operation, buy diamox without prescription. Nonetheless, the NSA has continued to HYPERLINK "http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/06/nsa-phone-records-verizon-court-order" \t "_blank" collect the personal communications of Americans by the billions under its HYPERLINK "http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/special/politics/prism-collection-documents/" \t "_blank" PRISM and other programs.
In the Obama years as well, the NSA began cooperating with its long-time British counterpart, the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), to HYPERLINK "http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/jun/21/gchq-cables-secret-world-communications-nsa" \t "_blank" tap into the dense cluster of Trans-Atlantic Telecommunication fiber optic cables that transit the United Kingdom. During a visit to a GCHQ facility for high-altitude intercepts at Menwith Hill in June 2008, NSA Director General Keith Alexander asked, Order diamox in us, “Why can’t we collect all the signals all the time. Sounds like a good summer project for Menwith.”
In the process, GCHQ’s Operation Tempora HYPERLINK "http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/jun/21/gchq-cables-secret-world-communications-nsa" \t "_blank" achieved the “biggest Internet access” of any partner in a “Five Eyes” signals-intercept coalition that, in addition to Great Britain and the U.S., includes Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. Buy diamox without prescription, When the project went online in 2011, the GCHQ sank probes into 200 Internet cables and was soon collecting 600 million telephone messages daily, which were, in turn, made accessible to 850,000 NSA employees.
The historic alliance between the NSA and GCHQ HYPERLINK "http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/25/intelligence-deal-uk-us-released" \t "_blank" dates back to the dawn of the Cold War. In deference to it, the NSA has, since 2007, exempted its “2nd party” Five Eyes allies from surveillance under its “Boundless Informant” operation. According to another HYPERLINK "http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/secret-documents-nsa-targeted-germany-and-eu-buildings-a-908609.html" \t "_blank" recently leaked NSA document, however, “we can, and often do, target the signals of most 3rd party foreign partners.” This is clearly a reference to close allies like Germany, France, diamox buy drug, and Italy.
On a busy day in January 2013, for instance, the NSA HYPERLINK "http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/secret-documents-nsa-targeted-germany-and-eu-buildings-a-908609.html" \t "_blank" collected 60 million phone calls and emails from Germany -- some 500 million German messages are reportedly collected annually -- with lesser but still hefty numbers from France, Italy, and non-European allies like HYPERLINK "http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/jul/07/nsa-brazilians-globo-spying" \t "_blank" Brazil. To gain operational intelligence on such allies, the NSA HYPERLINK "http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/30/nsa-leaks-us-bugging-european-allies" \t "_blank" taps phones at the European Council headquarters in Brussels, bugs the European Union (EU) delegation at the U.N., has planted a “Dropmire” monitor “on the Cryptofax at the EU embassy DC,” and eavesdrops on 38 allied embassies worldwide.
Such secret intelligence about its allies gives Washington an immense diplomatic advantage, HYPERLINK "http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/02/world/europe/france-and-germany-piqued-over-spying-scandal.html" \t "_blank" says NSA expert James Bamford, buy diamox without prescription. “It’s the equivalent of going to a poker game and wanting to know what everyone’s hand is before you place your bet.” And who knows what scurrilous bits of scandal about world leaders American surveillance systems might scoop up to strengthen Washington’s hand in that global poker game called diplomacy.
This sort of digital surveillance was soon supplemented by actual Internet warfare. Between 2006 and 2010, Washington launched HYPERLINK "http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2013/06/general-keith-alexander-cyberwar/all/" \t "_blank" the planet’s first cyberwar, with Obama HYPERLINK "http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/01/world/middleeast/obama-ordered-wave-of-cyberattacks-against-iran.html" \t "_blank" ordering devastating cyberattacks against Iran's nuclear facilities. Cheap diamox online, In 2009, the Pentagon HYPERLINK "http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/24/technology/24cyber.html" \t "_blank" formed the U.S. Cyber Command (CYBERCOM), with a cybercombat center at Lackland Air Base initially HYPERLINK "http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/01/us/01cyberwar.html" \t "_blank" staffed by 7,000 Air Force employees. Buy diamox without prescription, Over the next two years, by HYPERLINK "http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123205791" \t "_blank" appointing NSA chief Alexander as CYBERCOM’s concurrent commander, it created an enormous concentration of power in the digital shadows. The Pentagon has also HYPERLINK "http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/07/14/us-usa-defense-cybersecurity-idUSTRE76D5FA20110714" \t "_blank" declared cyberspace an “operational domain” for both offensive and defensive warfare.
Controlling the Future
By leaking a handful of NSA documents, Edward Snowden has given us a glimpse of future U.S. global policy and the changing architecture of power on this planet. At the broadest level, this digital shift complements Obama’s new defense strategy, announced in 2012, of HYPERLINK "http://content.usatoday.com/communities/theoval/post/2012/01/obama-defense-cuts/1" \l ".UdzpKkK_LA4" \t "_blank" reducing costs (cutting, for example, infantry troops by 14%), while conserving Washington’s overall power by developing a HYPERLINK "http://www.defense.gov/news/Defense_Strategic_Guidance.pdf" \t "_blank" capacity for “a combined arms campaign across all domains -- land, air, maritime, diamox side effects, space, and cyberspace.”
While cutting conventional armaments, Obama is investing billions in constructing a new architecture for global information control. To store and process the billions of messages sucked up by its worldwide surveillance network ( HYPERLINK "http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/08/nsa-boundless-informant-global-datamining" \t "_blank" totaling 97 billion items for March alone), the NSA is HYPERLINK "http://www.spiegel.de/international/world/secret-documents-nsa-targeted-germany-and-eu-buildings-a-908609.html" \t "_blank" employing 11,000 workers to build a $1.6 billion data center in Bluffdale, Utah, whose HYPERLINK "http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2012/03/ff_nsadatacenter/all/1" \t "_blank" storage capacity is measured in “yottabytes,” each the equivalent of a trillion terabytes. That’s almost unimaginable once you realize that just 15 terabytes could store every publication in the Library of Congress.
From its new $1.8 billion headquarters, the third-biggest building in the Washington area, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency HYPERLINK "http://blogs.reuters.com/gregg-easterbrook/2011/01/20/undisciplined-spending-in-the-name-of-defense/" \t "_blank" deploys 16,000 employees and a $5 billion budget to coordinate a rising torrent of surveillance data from Predators, Reapers, U-2 spy planes, Global Hawks, X-37B space drones, Google Earth, Space Surveillance Telescopes, and orbiting satellites, buy diamox without prescription.
To protect those critical orbiting satellites, which transmit most U.S. military communications, the Pentagon is building an aerospace shield of pilotless drones. In the exosphere, the Air Force has since April 2010 been HYPERLINK "http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/jun/16/unmanned-air-force-space-plane-lands-calif/" \t "_blank" successfully testing the X-37B space drone that can HYPERLINK "http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-11911335" \t "_blank" carry missiles to strike rival satellite networks such as the one the Chinese are currently creating. Diamox overnight shipping, For more extensive and precise surveillance from space, the Pentagon has been HYPERLINK "http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2011/06/spy-sat-faster-cheaper/" \t "_blank" replacing its costly, school-bus-sized spy satellites with a new generation of light, low cost models such as the HYPERLINK "https://directory.eoportal.org/web/eoportal/satellite-missions/o/ors-1" \t "_blank" ATK-A200. Buy diamox without prescription, Successfully launched in May 2011, this module is orbiting 250 miles above the Earth with remote-controlled, U-2 quality cameras that now provide the “U.S. Central Command an assured ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance) capability.”
In the stratosphere, close enough to Earth for audiovisual surveillance, the Pentagon is planning to HYPERLINK "http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/03/business/global-hawk-is-poised-to-replace-u-2-spy-plane.html" \t "_blank" launch an armada of 99 Global Hawk drones -- each equipped with high-resolution cameras to surveil all terrain within a 100-mile radius, electronic sensors to intercept communications, and efficient engines for continuous 24-hour flight.
Within a decade, the U.S. will likely deploy this aerospace shield, advanced cyberwarfare capabilities, and even vaster, more omnipresent digital surveillance networks that will envelop the Earth in an electronic grid capable of blinding entire armies on the battlefield, buy diamox generic, atomizing a single suspected terrorist, or monitoring millions of private lives at home and abroad.
Sadly, Mark Twain was right when he warned us just over 100 years ago that America could not have both empire abroad and democracy at home. To paraphrase his prescient words, by “trampling upon the helpless abroad” with unchecked surveillance, Americans have learned, “by a natural process, to endure with apathy the like at home.”
Alfred W. McCoy is the J.R.W, buy diamox without prescription. Smail Professor of History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. A HYPERLINK "http://www.tomdispatch.com/blog/175614/alfred_mccoy_superweapons_and_global_dominion" \t "_blank" TomDispatch regular, he is the author HYPERLINK "http://www.amazon.com/dp/0299234142/ref=nosim/?tag=tomdispatch-20" \t "_blank" Policing America’s Empire: The United States, the Philippines, and the Rise of the Surveillance State (University of Wisconsin), which is the source for much of the material in this essay.
Follow TomDispatch on Twitter and join us on HYPERLINK "http://www.facebook.com/tomdispatch" \t "_blank" Facebook or HYPERLINK "http://tomdispatch.tumblr.com/" \t "_blank" Tumblr. Check out the newest Dispatch book, Nick Turse’s HYPERLINK "http://www.amazon.com/The-Changing-Face-Empire-Cyberwarfare/dp/1608463109/" \t "_blank" The Changing Face of Empire: Special Ops, Drones, Proxy Fighters, Secret Bases, and Cyberwarfare.
Copyright 2013 Alfred W. McCoy
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Posted on 04 June 2013 by John Johnson
Exactly how many find themselves bound to employers who take advantage of their legal status, Proscar free delivery, naivete and cultural alienation is not known. But experts said their numbers were flourishing despite a host of regulations on labor, health, safety and immigration designed to flush them out and shut their employers down.
"I have heard things like this for years, approved proscar pharmacy," said Mark Rosenbaum, legal director of the Los Angeles office of the American Civil Liberties Union. "It's one of these dirty little secrets that everyone knows about."
On Wednesday, state agents raided a makeshift garment factory in El Monte, Calif., where they found nearly 70 workers from Thailand who lived and worked, sometimes for years, in conditions the agents described as close to servitude, buy proscar without prescription.
Victoria Bradshaw, California's Labor Commissioner, today called the El Monte situation an aberration. Buy proscar without prescription, She added, "I don't believe it's widespread."
Indeed, formal complaints about involuntary servitude are relatively rare. Proscar for sale, Since 1990, the Justice Department has prosecuted 29 people for violations of the antislavery laws, and 26 were convicted or pleaded guilty. Most of the cases involved migrant workers in Eastern states, not Asians in California, overnight proscar.
Still, while brutal conditions like those found in the El Monte case are unusual, thousands of other workers often find themselves trapped in bleak, No rx proscar, unregulated workplaces.
Of the estimated 120,000 garment industry workers in the Los Angeles area, 15,000 to 20, cheap proscar from uk,000 work in unregulated, sweatshop conditions, said Jack Kyser, Proscar prescription, chief economist of the Economic Development Corporation of Los Angeles.
"A lot of times you get people coming from offshore and setting up these shops, because it's a very easy industry to get into and you don't need a lot of capital," Mr, buy proscar without prescription. Kyser said. "But in many cases they don't understand all the rules and regulations they have to comply with and all the forms they have to fill out.
"They're probably doing business like they did it in the country of their origin, but in the United States, proscar cheapest price, they're breaking the law."
In a random survey last year of 69 California garment manufacturers and contractors, the state Labor Department found rampant violations of safety and labor laws, including cases of employers locking fire exits and children as young as 13 working nine hours a day. Proscar from canada, The survey also showed that 50 percent of employers violated rules requiring them to pay workers the minimum wage, 68 percent violated overtime requirements, and 92.8 percent violated various health and safety regulations. Buy proscar without prescription, Workplace conditions are likely to be worst in makeshift factories that operate outside the law.
Joseph Rodriquez, executive director of the Garment Contractors Association, fda approved proscar, said: "Something like we saw in El Monte, with the slavery and barbed wire, is extremely rare. Order cheap proscar, Unfortunately, it is not rare to find illegal contractors who are not registered with the state."
He added: "The company that isn't registered is probably violating minimum wage laws or overtime laws. That's what gives our industry a bad name."
At the El Monte factory, workers sewed strips of ready-to-wear garments, some of which ended up in major stores on the East Coast like Macy's, buy proscar cheap, Hecht's and Filene's, Ms. Bradshaw said today. Spokesmen for several companies said today that they had no knowledge that laws were being broken, buy proscar without prescription. Order discount proscar online, Jim Abrams, a spokesman for May Department Stores, owner of both Filene's and Hecht's, said, "Our purchase orders clearly require vendors to comply with the Labor Standards Act and all applicable regulations."
He added, proscar no rx, "We are in the process of attempting to ascertain if in fact this incident in El Monte involves merchandise being manufactured for delivery to any May division and, if so, the vendor involved."
Carol Sanger, Proscar india, a spokeswoman for Federated Department Stores, the owner of Macy's, said: "The first we heard about it was what we read in the paper this morning. And we have tried to get in touch with the appropriate authorities in California to find out what exactly it is that they found, because we have no knowledge of the operation, order proscar in us, no record of ever doing business with any vendor or subcontractor with any operations in El Monte.
Chanchanit Mortorell, executive director of the Thai Community Development Center in Los Angeles and one of the first people to see the El Monte factory after the raid, Proscar approved, said there were numerous violations of health and safety laws at the site.
"When the authorities asked the workers to open the doors, they couldn't," she said. Buy proscar without prescription, "They were locked from the outside. The police had to ax down each door. Everyone was shocked and terrified."
Another community leader, Nongyao Varanond, president of Thai Inc., a service program, said that of the shops she had visited, "only a few are like the one in El Monte." She added, "The others are usually in good condition, but the workers are paid less than the minimum wage.
"They don't have any place to go," Ms. Varanond said. "Where else can they find a job here. All of them are illegal.".
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Posted on 04 June 2013 by John Johnson
by Murtaza Hussain
Buy sleepwell without prescription, Companies could face fines if they refuse to share client data requested by government agencies. (Photo: EPA)The most egregious rights violations tend to happen against the voiceless; those who have neither the platform nor resources to articulate their grievances to the broader world, find sleepwell without prescription. Online sleepwell, Last week, however, sleepwell in australia, Cheap sleepwell no rx, the US Department of Justice was caught in a very public transgression against the freedom of an influential and empowered private organisation when it was revealed that it had http://www.nbcnews.com/video/cnbc/51878944/ engaged in a spying campaign against the Associated Press (AP) - one of the country's largest news agencies.
In what has been described as a http://bigstory.ap.org/article/govt-obtains-wide-ap-phone-records-probe massive and unprecedented intrusion", sleepwell internet, Sleepwell online without a prescription, AP revealed that Obama's Department of Justice had engaged in a surveillance campaign targeting its reporters and editors. This campaign included the covert acquisition of phone records from AP staff; including from their home and personal cell numbers, pharmacy sleepwell. Order sleepwell no prescription, Read More: http://www.commondreams.org/view/2013/05/21-4. Cheap price sleepwell. Sleepwell no online prescription. Cheapest sleepwell prices. Cheap sleepwell online. Buy cheap sleepwell internet. Sleepwell canada. Buy sleepwell internet. Sleepwell side effects. Buy sleepwell. Cheap sleepwell in canada. Sleepwell in uk. Purchase sleepwell without prescription.
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Posted on 05 December 2012 by John Johnson
“For there is nothing mysterious about the foundations of a healthy and strong democracy, approved cialis pharmacy, Buy cialis generic, ” said Roosevelt. “The basic things expected by our people of their political and economic systems are simple. They are: Equality of opportunity for youth and for others, where to buy cialis. Cialis online review, Jobs for those who can work. Security for those who need it, buy cialis without prescription. The ending of special privilege for the few, buy cheapest cialis on line. Generic cialis online, The preservation of civil liberties for all. The enjoyment of the fruits of scientific progress in a wider and constantly rising standard of living.”
The “four freedoms” FDR named (which would eventually be incorporated into what became the Universal Declaration of Human Rights), buying cialis online, Buy cialis without prescription, were freedom of speech and expression, freedom of worship, cheap generic cialis, Cialis overnight delivery, freedom from want, and freedom from fear, buy cheapest cialis. Cialis canada, The last of those FDR defined as “a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor--anywhere in the world.”
Watching the carnage in the Middle East and anticipating the arms-bonanza that is sure to follow it’s hard not to wince. Buy cialis without prescription, CNN’s coverage alone, with its feverish fascination with Israel’s purported missile-defense prowess, is sure to result in yet a new boom for the death-merchants in that country and ours.
But human rights standards aren’t only for international actors, order cialis overnight delivery, Order discount cialis online, says economist Radhika Balakrishnan. We could do with some good human rights lawyers in the budget debate in Washington, cialis in uk. Cialis cheapest price, Balakrishnan is the director of the Center for Women’s Global Leadership at Rutgers University. She is also co-editor of Economic Policy and Human Rights: Holding Governments to Account, cialis tablets.
“Looking at the election we have just been through, if we had been looking at this from a human rights lens, every candidate would have to have spoken about poverty,” Balakrishnan explained, because governments have obligations to the most vulnerable in the society, buy cialis without prescription. The US hasn’t ratified many international human rights accords, but it has signed some and under those, humans have rights and governments have duties, among those the duty to use the “maximum available resources” to realize the basic human rights of its people.
“All of these discussions that are taking place as “you’re for the rich or you’re for the poor” can be addressed in a very different way,” reflects Balakrishnan.
Austerity as a human rights violation. It certainly puts a different spin on things. We spoke as the Center was about to kick off its 16 Days Campaign, a concentrated season of activism on violence against women.
For more on the center, go to http://cwgl.rutgers.edu/.
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Posted on 05 December 2012 by John Johnson
OK. There’s the fiscal cliff – a self-inflicted economic hotfoot, but nothing irrevocable.
Then there’s the physical cliff – the remorseless warming of our planet driven by human emissions and the laws of physics, already irrevocable, Price of clomid, and drifting toward a full-scale planetary disaster of biblical proportions if we don’t take drastic actions.
As the world meets at Doha, Qatar for yet another attempt to reign in global warming, guess which one the press, order clomid cheap online, Congress, pundits, Drug clomid, the president and other assorted beltway seers are obsessing on.
You got it. The fiscal cliff.
And while the fiscal cliff could hurt many people for an election cycle or two, its effects are limited in time and geography, clomid pills, and it is easily avoided using popular policies, assuming a little guts and leadership from Democrats and the President.
Global warming, on the other hand, is … well … global. We're already locked into severe adverse consequences for centuries, and scientists believe that unless we do something drastic and soon, it is likely to trigger feedbacks which make the world warmer than any of our models suggest. Ultimately, over the long term, methane releases from clathrates and permafrost could become self-reinforcing, proceeding on their own power and raising temperatures far higher than anything the Earth has experienced in over 55 million years and keeping them there for eons, buy clomid without prescription. Cheap clomid tablet, The litany of horror the physical cliff would create is long and dire. Extinction of half of all species, sea levels rising continuously for centuries, a billion refugees by 2050, record droughts, discount clomid online, expanding deserts, famine, Clomid cheap price, epic storms, as many as a billion deaths … on and on and on.
The fiscal cliff? Certainly it could impose hardships on people. The enforced austerity would likely do here in the US, what it is doing in Europe – cause a deep and serious recession. But this would be reversible. We’d need only quit swallowing Republican talking points about austerity, cheap clomid on internet, government incompetence, and the mythical power of the private sector to confer prosperity by pure serendipity … to turn our economy around. Lowest price for clomid, If we’re smart, the policies we use to cut greenhouse gasses could cut the deficit, create jobs and save the economy while saving the world.
As we go into the Doha talks you’ll hear conservatives saying we can’t afford to tackle climate change while the economy is down, buy clomid online cheap, because cutting fossil fuel use would hurt our economy. Buy clomid without prescription, But here’s the thing. If we’re smart, the policies we use to cut greenhouse gasses could cut the deficit, create jobs and save the economy while saving the world.
For example, Clomid pharmacy, clean energy investments create three times as many jobs per dollar than spending on fossil fuel does. And as more people work, the economy flourishes, tax revenue goes up, cheap clomid pill, and government expenditures go down. Which of course, cuts deficits. So jobs go up while emissions go down. Overnight clomid, And a modest carbon tax would raise as much as $1.25 trillion in revenue over the next decade, while cutting carbon.
Given this reality, every dollar we spend on fossil fuels at the expense of clean energy, find clomid no prescription required, actually destroys jobs and costs us money.
You’d think, given this reality and the mandate Democrats got in the recent election, the President would be putting together a strategy that uses increased taxes on the rich, and cuts to fossil fuel subsidies to fund investments in clean energy infrastructure. Not only would this create jobs, but it would position the US to be a leader in the manufacture of clean energy infrastructure and hardware – the technology of the 21st Century, buy clomid without prescription.
And then there’s that save the world thing. Cheap clomid pharmacy, Yet shortly after the election, Obama had this to say about climate change and the economic crisis:
Understandably, I think the American people right now have been so focused and will continue to be focused on our economy and jobs and growth that, you know, clomid approved, if the message is somehow we're going to ignore jobs and growth simply to address climate change, I don't think anybody's going to go for that. Clomid purchase, I won't go for that.
Really, Mr. President? Business leaders know better. Buy clomid without prescription, Here’s what a GE Vice President had to say about this false dichotomy:
There’s this theory that you have to pick one: economics or environmental performance. That’s nonsense, cheap clomid overnight delivery. Innovation is the way you can have both.
Last year clean energy technology generated more than a trillion dollars to our economy. Next year it will exceed that. And prices for renewable energy are plummeting, while the cost of oil and coal is going up. Clomid buy drug, It doesn’t take a rocket scientist to see that if you want jobs, growth and tax revenue, you want to put your money into clean energy.
But it does take leadership and a little political courage to take on the new axis of stupidity and greed formed by the Republican Party and fossil fuel interests, purchase clomid no rx.
Doha will mark a turning point in history. The path we take will define our future. Down one path is devastation, widespread misery, and irrevocable loss. Down the other is prosperity and a sustainable world, buy clomid without prescription.
The choice is ours. The time is now. History will hardly note what we did with the fiscal cliff, but if we fail to address the physical cliff, we will be judged and found wanting.
John Atcheson is author of the novel, A Being Darkly Wise, an eco-thriller and Book One of a Trilogy centered on global warming. His writing has appeared in The New York Times, the Washington Post, the Baltimore Sun, the San Jose Mercury News and other major newspapers. Atcheson’s book reviews are featured on Climateprogess.org.
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Posted on 05 December 2012 by John Johnson
The general strike that swept across Europe Nov, sale acomplia. 14 had its genesis in the deepening crisis in Spain, Portugal and Greece. Buy acomplia online australia, As a result of the global economic collapse in 2008, Spain is in a deep financial crisis. Buy acomplia without prescription, Unemployment has surpassed 25 percent, and among young people is estimated at 50 percent. Large banks have enjoyed bailouts while they enforce mortgages that an increasing number of Spaniards are unable to meet, provoking increasing numbers of foreclosures and attempted evictions, acomplia alternative. “Attempted” because, in response to the epidemic of evictions in Spain, Acomplia no online prescription, a direct-action movement has grown to prevent them. In city after city, individuals and groups have networked, creating rapid-response teams that flood the street outside a threatened apartment, acomplia sales. When officials arrive to deliver the eviction notice, they can’t reach the building’s main door, Purchase acomplia without prescription, let alone the apartment in question.
Protesters demonstrate during a 24-hour strike in Barcelona, buy acomplia without prescription. (Photograph: David Ramos/Getty Images)The general strike across Europe ranged from mass rallies in Madrid, with participation from members of Parliament, to protests in London, cost acomplia, to outside the European Commission headquarters in Brussels, to high atop the Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy, Online pharmacy acomplia, where protesters flew anti-austerity flags and banners. In calling for the first pan-national general strike in Europe in generations, the European Trade Union Confederation hoped to express “strong opposition to the austerity measures that are dragging Europe into economic stagnation, indeed recession, get acomplia, as well as the continuing dismantling of the European social model. These measures, Buy acomplia online, far from re-establishing confidence, only serve to worsen imbalances and foster injustice.”
Back in the U.S., a group from Occupy Wall Street, which itself was inspired in part by the Spanish M-15 movement against austerity that began on May 15, acomplia professional, 2011, has taken a creative approach to the blight of debt that is afflicting millions. Compare acomplia prices, Calling itself “Rolling Jubilee,” after the ancient practice of forgiving all debts every 50 years, the group is buying debt from lenders, for pennies on the dollar, drug acomplia online purchase, and canceling it. Buy acomplia without prescription, This discounted debt market exists primarily because collection agencies and “vulture capitalists” acquire bad loans that people have stopped paying for 2 to 3 cents on a dollar, and still make a profit by hounding people to pay back some or all of that debt. Rolling Jubilee, Generic acomplia cheap, according to its website, “believes people should not go into debt for basic necessities like education, healthcare and housing. Rolling Jubilee intervenes by buying debt, acomplia discount, keeping it out of the hands of collectors, and then abolishing it ... Acomplia india, to help each other out and highlight how the predatory debt system affects our families and communities. Think of it as a bailout of the 99 percent by the 99 percent.” To date, Rolling Jubilee has raised $175,000, cheap price acomplia, which it says will be used to abolish $3.5 million in debt.
The amount may be symbolic, but an important message to President Obama and House Republicans as they wrangle over the future of the U.S, buy acomplia without prescription. tax rates, deficit reduction and how to fund so-called entitlements. Sarah Anderson of the Institute for Policy Studies prefers to call Social Security and Medicare “earned benefit programs, because these are programs that American workers are paying into over their lives, and they have a right to that money, to have these basic social programs that have made us a much stronger society with a stronger middle class.” Anderson told me, “The approach to the debt should be to look at the ways that we could raise revenues through ... taxing financial transactions ... cutting fossil-fuel subsidies and using carbon taxes, and cutting military spending. That kind of combination could raise trillions of dollars over the next decade."
Amaia Engana must have felt she had no safety net in Spain, as she jumped to her death. As the movement for that strong social safety net grows around the world, and locally here at home, the mandate is clear: Austerity is not the answer.
Denis Moynihan contributed research to this column.
© 2012 Amy Goodman
Amy Goodman is the host of "Democracy Now!," a daily international TV/radio news hour airing on 1,100 stations in North America. She was awarded the 2008 Right Livelihood Award, dubbed the “Alternative Nobel
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